What are the 4 types of programming language? Know the difference

Programming skills are increasingly becoming crucial in the modern market environment. The continuing advent of new technologies has engineered a radical change from the traditional approaches to doing things to embrace more convenient and efficient technological alternatives. Businesses, public, and not-for-profit organizations are increasingly recruiting programming experts to ensure their organizations are not left behind by ingraining innovative systems that align with market demands.

Learning any programming language provides a strong foundation for you to gain vital in-demand skills. However, before enrolling in any course, you need to explore and understand the types of programming language available, how they differ, and their application in real-life. It will enable you to determine the most suitable coding language for you based on your aspiration and desired career path.

programming language

A list of the key types of programming languages

  • Procedural Programming Language
  • Functional Programming Language
  • Object-Oriented Programming Language
  • Scripting Programming Language
  • Logic Programming Language

1. Procedural Programming Language

One of the most popular types of programming languages is the procedural programming language. The types of programming languages grouped under this category entail following a set of commands and statements to achieve the programmer’s anticipated output. In other words, as the programmer writes code using any of these languages, they create procedures that allow the program to run and achieve its objective.

Notably, the sequence of commands and statements used in the programming languages may define more than one procedure. Examples of the most popular programming languages under this category include;

  • C
  • C++
  • Java
  • Pascal

2. Functional Programming Language

Functional Programming Language is another category of coding language that you should explore before starting your programming course. The programming languages under this category focus on providing mathematical output and evaluation. This means that, unlike the procedural programming languages that execute commands and statements, these languages use functions whose execution returns specific values.

The output relies on the specific data provided by the code. The mostly used coding languages under this specification include:

  • Scala
  • Erlang
  • Haskell

3. Object-Oriented Programming Language

Object-Oriented Programming Language are also highly popular among developers and software engineers. Unlike other coding languages, languages categorized as object-oriented execute programs in the form of groups of objects instead of using logic and functions. Objects entail data and elements with unique attributes as well as behaviors.

Object-oriented programming languages are best for developers working on extremely large programs that are complex and require routine management. Examples of such programs include mobile applications, games, etc. The top languages under this category include:

  • Java
  • Python
  • PHP
  • C++
  • Ruby

4. Scripting Programming Language

Another popular type of programming language is the Scripting Programming Language. Programmers use languages under this classification for the automation of repetitive tasks, help them in managing website content that is dynamic, and also to support processes in extremely large programs. Examples of languages categorized as scripting include:

  • PHP
  • Ruby
  • Python
  • bash
  • Perl
  • js

In addition to the 4 popular types of programming languages, there is another one known as Logic Programming Language. Unlike other languages that focus on instructing the computer on what to process, languages under this category enable computers to decide by expressing a sequence of instructions.

The most popular examples of such languages are Prolog and Datalog. Understanding the different types of programming languages is vital for you since it lays the foundation for making the right decision in choosing the one to pursue.

Considerations when choosing a programming language to learn

Settling on the programming language that suits you is not an easy endeavor, especially if you are a beginner. Once you decide on the type of programming language that seems to suit your needs, you should then decide on the specific coding language that you should pursue to accomplish your goal.

As a beginner, you might have no prior knowledge of the languages, making it difficult to decide on the best in your preferred category. Here are three key considerations we believe are vital before enrolling in any programming language.

  • Your current knowledge in programming: One of the most important factors to consider is the level of your knowledge in programming. It is important since some of the languages require a steep learning curve compared to others. If you don’t have prior knowledge of programming, it is advisable to look for the most beginner-friendly language as a starting point. You can explore reputable programming homework help companies for more insights.
  • Your aspirations: The next most crucial consideration is what you want to achieve with the new skill you acquire. One of the best things about programming is that you can suit any industry or organization. So, if for instance, you are passionate about banking or healthcare, you can easily join or continue working in the industry. As a result, it is important to determine what your end goals are to ensure the language you pursue creates a path to achieving your dreams.
  • The usage of the language: You should also evaluate how popular a language is before you start your programming course. Some languages, such as C++, are widely used compared to others. it would be wise to pursue a language that arms you with in-demand skills. First, it will guarantee you a job and secondly, you will have access to adequate resources to help you become a better programmer.
  • Your preferred mode of learning: Another important factor to consider is the mode of learning you prefer. In the modern education system, you can access numerous learning materials online, facilitating self-learning at your pace. Research the coding languages in your preferred type of programming language that aligns with your mode of learning.
  • Your institution of choice: it is important to investigate the reputation of an institution in offering the programming language you want to pursue. Choose the language that creates a strong positive reputation for the institution.

By carefully evaluating the factors above, you will settle on the most appropriate programming language for you. Besides, pursuing something you understand and are passionate about makes the learning process easy and enjoyable.

Common challenges faced by programming students and how to Overcome them

Unarguably, programming courses are demanding and in some cases intimidate learners forcing them to abandon the journey to their dreams. However, that shouldn’t be the case since there are numerous ways you could overcome the difficulties. We discuss some of the common challenges and the strategies you could embrace to see through your dream of programming a reputable programmer.

The common challenges that hinder programming students from success

  1. Inadequate time to code: One of the significant challenges that programming learners face is insufficient time to code. For instance, as a college or university student, you may be pursuing other equally demanding courses that take up most of your time. Poor time management will be a substantial barrier to your success. Seeking programming homework help will help you free up substantial time, allowing you sufficient time to learn and understand coding.
  2. The desire to learn so fast: Another key challenge that programming students, especially beginners face, is the desire to complete learning the course too fast. While we agree that it is essential to be motivated to learn new skills, if you become overambitious, it might affect you negatively. Programming entails numerous concepts and theories that you need to completely understand. We advise that you begin by mastering the basics and slowly progress to build your skills from there.
  3. Over-relying on online resources to help you complete a code: While we strongly advocate for the use of online materials, including AI, to help you navigate through challenging concepts, we discourage the overreliance on the same. Using the resources too much in completing your code will hinder your chances of learning the key aspects. For instance, making syntax errors is a great way to learn and understand the concepts you are struggling with.
  4. Lack of adequate support: Another significant challenge you might experience is a lack of necessary support as you grapple with challenging concepts. Most learners attribute their giving up on programming courses to failing to access necessary support when faced with challenges. Feeling frustrated will demotivate you from continuing with the course, especially if you don’t have a support team. The traditional classroom setting may provide you with the necessary support from colleagues and instructors, compared to online self-paced learning.

Strategies for overcoming the challenges

As we suggested earlier, we don’t believe any learner should shelf their dreams of gaining programming skills because of the challenges they face. Here are a few strategies to overcome the barriers.

  • Start with basics: One of the effective strategies to address the highlighted barriers is to ensure you fully conceptualize the basics. Unlike other subjects, in programming you build the knowledge progressively. What you learn today is the foundation of what you learn tomorrow and so on.
  • Routine practice: We can’t emphasize enough the need to practice routinely. Through practice, you will be able to understand your areas of weakness as well as understand the key aspects of the coding language you are pursuing. By creating and running the code to see results, you become more motivated to learn, and you become a better version of yourself.
  • Increase engagement: Create meaningful networks that will serve as your support system. Luckily, you can join online communities where you can share ideas with other like-minded individuals. You may access such communities through social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook. In addition to being your support system, you will make comradeship with people you share similar passions. For instance, you can get a video game-playing partner to enjoy your leisure time with, without meeting physically.
  • Work with professionals: Whether you are on a self-paced plan or in a full-time traditional classroom setting, you need additional assistance from experts in the programming field. We can’t dispute that it is almost impossible for learners to get the attention they need from their instructors. It is also true that private tutors are extremely expensive and most students may not secure their services. However, the presence of online programming homework helpers makes it easy for you to learn and complete your course seamlessly. The benefits of working with online experts include:
  • Customized assistance
  • Enhanced time management
  • Understand complex concepts and theories
  • Accuracy of codes, among others.

 Summing up

If you are interested in pursuing a career in programming, it is crucial for you to understand the different types of programming languages and how they are used by coders. Choose the language that suits your needs and aspirations to ensure you accomplish your long-term career goals. Evaluate the key factors discussed above to ensure the course you choose is the right one for you. Once you begin the learning process, remain vigilant to identify the barriers that could hinder the success of your journey, and capitalize on mitigative strategies. It will ensure that you smoothly sail through the course and become a reputable programmer.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here